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GNU/Linux Desktop Survival Guide
by Graham Williams
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Setup of USB DVB-T Receiver


The DVB-T USB device should be connected to a USB2 connection for it to receive the appropriate power. Connecting a DVB-T worked out of the box under Ubuntu 9.04 but on Ubuntu 9.10 (100220) and later, after connecting the device to a USB port the appropriate firmware, dvb-usb-vp7045-01.fw, was not being found. We can see this is the problem by looking at the dmesg log:



$ dmesg -T
[643435.719338] usb 2-4.3: new high-speed USB device number 12 
                using ehci-pci
[643435.827368] usb 2-4.3: New USB device found, idVendor=13d3, 
                idProduct=3223
[643435.827371] usb 2-4.3: New USB device strings: Mfr=0, Product=0, 
                SerialNumber=0
[643436.669006] dvb-usb: found a 'DigitalNow TinyUSB 2 DVB-t Receiver' in 
                cold state, will try to load a firmware
[643436.669686] dvb-usb: did not find the firmware file. 
                (dvb-usb-vp7045-01.fw) Please see linux/Documentation/dvb/
                for more details on firmware-problems. (-2)
[643436.669692] dvb_usb_vp7045: probe of 2-4.3:1.0 failed with error -2
[643436.669896] usbcore: registered new interface driver dvb_usb_vp7045
[643441.124937] usb 2-4.3: USB disconnect, device number 12

The firmware can be copied from www.linuxtv.org and copied into /lib/firmware for it to be loaded.



$ cd /lib/firmware
$ sudo wget http://www.linuxtv.org/downloads/firmware/dvb-usb-vp7045-01.fw

Then plug in the USB device and look that dmesg reports that it is noticed:

[646474.551035] usb 2-4.3: new high-speed USB device number 13 
                using ehci-pci
[646474.658955] usb 2-4.3: New USB device found, idVendor=13d3, 
                idProduct=3223
[646474.658959] usb 2-4.3: New USB device strings: Mfr=0, Product=0, 
                SerialNumber=0
[646474.659326] dvb-usb: found a 'DigitalNow TinyUSB 2 DVB-t Receiver' in
                cold state, will try to load a firmware
[646474.659382] dvb-usb: downloading firmware from file 
                'dvb-usb-vp7045-01.fw'
[646474.847712] usb 2-4.3: USB disconnect, device number 13
[646474.847738] dvb-usb: generic DVB-USB module successfully deinitialized 
                and disconnected.
[646476.593665] usb 2-4.3: new high-speed USB device number 14 using ehci-pci
[646476.702909] usb 2-4.3: New USB device found, idVendor=13d3, idProduct=3206
[646476.702913] usb 2-4.3: New USB device strings: Mfr=1, Product=2, 
                SerialNumber=0
[646476.702915] usb 2-4.3: Product: VP-7045
[646476.702917] usb 2-4.3: Manufacturer: TWINHAN
[646476.703403] dvb-usb: found a 'Twinhan USB2.0 DVB-T receiver
                (TwinhanDTV Alpha/MagicBox II)' in warm state.
[646476.857412] dvb-usb: will pass the complete MPEG2 transport stream to 
                the software demuxer.
[646476.857920] DVB: registering new adapter (Twinhan USB2.0 DVB-T receiver 
                (TwinhanDTV Alpha/MagicBox II))
[646476.929096] dvb-usb: MAC address: 08:ca:1a:c5:a9:ff
[646476.940949] usb 2-4.3: DVB: registering adapter 0 frontend 0 
                (Twinhan VP7045/46 USB DVB-T)...
[646476.941143] input: IR-receiver inside an USB DVB receiver as 
                /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:1d.7/usb2/2-4/2-4.3/input/input7
[646476.941302] dvb-usb: schedule remote query interval to 400 msecs.
[646477.096547] dvb-usb: Twinhan USB2.0 DVB-T receiver 
                (TwinhanDTV Alpha/MagicBox II) 
                successfully initialized and connected.

Once the driver is installed you should have a folder /dev/dvb/adapter0/ containing something like:



$ ls -l /dev/dvb/adapter0/
total 0
crw-rw----+ 1 root video 212, 0 Jan 12 11:10 demux0
crw-rw----+ 1 root video 212, 1 Jan 12 11:10 dvr0
crw-rw----+ 1 root video 212, 3 Jan 12 11:10 frontend0
crw-rw----+ 1 root video 212, 2 Jan 12 11:10 net0


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