How to Name a Constant
Historically I have preferred SCREAMING_CAPS for my constants. This is a traditional approach but is effective in clearly identifying what is a CONSTANT. However, in dart the recommendation is to use lower camel case. Within the code it is not so clear what is a constant and what is a variable, but there is often no specific need to know the difference. This is perhaps okay as the compiler picks up any errant assignments to a constant. For flutter I recommend this style too.
const int windowWidth = 1234;
const int WINDOW_WIDTH = 12345;
Then, within my code when using
windowWidth it is not clear whether that
is a variable or a constant or a instance, etc. But that is probably okay.
Why Define a Constant
A value that is never to change. Also it tells the compiler this fact and the compiler can take advantage of this in optimising the code and in reloading the code.
Example of an implicit variable and a constant:
var monthsInYear = 12; const daysInYear = 365;
final variable (which is also a constant) is assigned its value
final today = DateTime.now();
Where to Define Constants
Constants that are required in multiple other dart files belong in
lib/constants/app.dart. These will generally be the app title/name
of the app, locations shared across the app, like assets, and could
also include layout type constants like padding. A specific collection
of other constants used for styling the app might be, for example, in
Constants that are specific to a page or widget, and not shared across
other files should go into the specific page or widget source file. If
they are specific to a subset of files, then they could, for example,
lib/constants/surveys.dart for a collection of pages
relating to surveys.
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