A very useful guide written by Karsten Self is available from http://kmself.home.netcom.com/Linux/FAQs/partition.html.
The simplest of partitioning scheme is to have three partitions, one
/ (10GB perhaps), one for swap (2 times available RAM)
and the rest as
/home. This may well suffice and avoids users
filling up the root partition and the system thus having problems, and
also facilitates a reinstall of the operating system, without wiping
out user data.
A significantly (and perhaps unnecessarily) more complex scheme, and one that is often recommended based on the Debian distribution and the Filesystem Hierarchy Standard is:
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