25.12 Formatting and Partitioning Disks
Connecting a new disk to a computer may require the disk to be partitioned and then the partitions of the disks to be formatted before it can be used. The default Ubuntu graphical disk utility is simply called Disks. It can also be run as the command gnome-disks from the gnome-disk-utility package, which also provides the gnome-disk-image-mounter command. gnome-disks can format and partition drives, mount and unmount partitions including LUKS encrypted partitions, and query S.M.A.R.T. attributes.
An older graphical tool for managing disks and their partitions is gparted. Running gparted with sudo (super user do) is required as the operations it performs are privileged and potentially can overwrite current data on disk.
Alternatively we use the command line and in particular the command cfdisk from the util-linx package which can partition a disk. Then use mkfs.ext4 from e2fsprogs to format the disk:
sudo cfdisk /dev/sdb sudo mkfs.ext4 /dev/sdb1
To give a partition a label that is visible to the operating system we can use e2label
sudo e2label /dev/sdc1 sudo e2label /dev/sdc1 frederick
To now mount the disk, and have it take effect on a reboot see Section25.13.
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